The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a federal issue and was signed by President Clinton in 1996. This Act ensures that individuals would be able to renew or obtain health insurance in the event of a job loss or change jobs. This ensures portability across settings employment and would reduce and hopefully eliminate discrimination against individuals with underlying disease. This legislation was expanded to include administrative simplification and abuse of health care fraud and mostly, focusing on issues regarding the privacy of patient health information.
The HHS issues regulations defining privacy standards for personally identifiable health information 3 November 1999. The rule was available to the public for review and resulting comments generated by the public over 52,000. These comments were planned and generated in response to the proposed rule. HHS took the comments in question and issued a final rule December 28, 2000 that formally established standards for privacy of individually identifiable health information more commonly known as the Privacy rule.
The Privacy Rule standards address the use and disclosure of private health called protected health information. Organizations that need to demonstrate compliance with privacy standards for individual privacy rights must understand and control how their patient’s health information is used. The Privacy Rule describes the rules governing access, use and disclosure of personal health
The O’Neill Institute (2009) written summary that defines the final mark Privacy Rule :. To ensure that health information is easily accessible to individual health professionals who are authorized to access to information and health of the individual is also confidential and protected from inappropriate use.
by placing Privacy Rule has been a lot of confusion and misunderstanding about how the Privacy Rule is applied to various situations. Final Privacy Rule was enacted in 2001, specific guidelines were drawn up to deal with concerns regarding the application Privacy Rule to individual health-care system. Within HHS’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR). This office is responsible for the implementation and enforcement of the Privacy Rule to compliance activities. Money penalties are enforced for non-compliance by the parties healthcare.
The notice of privacy shall be in writing and should be advised of their rights according to their own health. These rights are access medical records, to changes in the information contained personal medical records of those accounts of individuals who have had access to medical information and their special request to limit the disclosure of sensitive information. When electronic medical records began to be more concerned about protecting health had to be treated with a different level.
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) was passed in 2009. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) was approved as part of ARRA. The objective of financing this initiative was to develop advanced health information technology that would be used at national and agencies would be incentivized to participate and take a culture representative of advanced health organizations. Healthcare is expected to have in place a certified electronic health record that meets the requirements of HIPAA, the privacy rule, Hitech and ARRA. If this is accomplished, healthcare would be allocated additional funding to assist in providing patient care. Assumes full implementation of an electronic system to be in place by the end of 2013.