Portable Appliance Testing (PAT testing) is an important part of the organization or related individual health and safety. This is done by a number of specialized projects testing the portable devices.
Many people ask whether Portable Appliance Test is a legal obligation?
answer is negative, however, there is a statutory obligation and a lot of insurance brokers require the insured to meet the terms of up-to-date regulations. This includes electricity at Work Regulations 1989 which states “As may be necessary to prevent danger, all systems must be maintained so as to avoid, as far as practicable, such danger” (Regulation 4 (2)). “Electrical equipment includes anything used, intended for use or on the use, for example, to provide, post, edit, add, change, behavior, distribute, control, store, measure or use electricity.” (Regulation 2 (1)).
Employer responsibility also provides the provision and use of work equipment regulations 1998. This states that “Every employer shall ensure that the equipment is so constructed or adapted to be suitable for the purpose it is used or provided.” ( Rule 4 (1)). This includes all work equipment (fixed, portable or transportable) connected to the electricity. “
What PAT testing involve? You might ask. A lot of PAT testing company will begin with a visual inspection looking for:
· Damaged flexes
· Damaged plugs and gear (overheating, scorch marks, discoloration)
· Right wired plugs
· Proper safety ratings
The series of tests (which is reliant on the type of gear) , they could include:
· Earth continuity test
· Insulation resistance
· polarity test
· Earth leakage test
The gear testing with PAT testing companies are simply, what kind of gear, which is supplied by electricity.
The IET Code of Practice for the in-service inspection and testing of electrical equipment says that this Code of Practice includes:
An Appliance aid 18 kg in weight which are intended to be moved while in use, or device can simply be moved from one place to another, for example. kettle, food processor, vacuum cleaner, fan heater
Movable Equipment (sometimes called Portable)
This is the gear that is either 18 kg or less and not fixed, for example electrical fire or gear wheel, wheels or other parts to assist movement of the operator required to perform the intended use, such as the air conditioning unit
Hand-held Gear :.
This is easily transported piece of gear meant to be held in the hand during normal use, such as paint stripper, grinder, engraver
Stationary or appliances
This gear has mass greater than 18 kg and is not a carrying handle, for example. refrigerator, washing machine
Fixed Equipment / Appliances
This is the gear device, which is attached to a support or otherwise trapped in a specific location, such as bathroom heaters, towel rail, domestic air conditioning
Devices / Equipment to decide :.
This gear is designed to be fixed in ready made recess such as a cabinet or similar. Generally, gear to decide not fence on all sides by one or more of the sides, increasing protection against electric shock is provided by the environment such as a built-in electric stove
Information Technology Equipment (Business Equipment) :.
The gear includes electric company gears as PC and mains supplied phone gear and other equipment for normal business use,. such as mail processing machines, electric plotters, trimmers, VDUs, data terminal equipment, typewriters, telephones, printers, photo-copier, power packs
The use of extension leads should be avoided if possible ]. If used, they should be tested as portable devices. It is recommended that the 3-core cable (including protective earthing conductor) to use.
should not use the standard 13 A 3-pin extension socket-outlet with a 2-core wire though gear using the Class II, as it would not provide protection against electric shock if used at any moment with a stake in Class I Gear
National extension cable for normal use should not go beyond the following .:
– Core Area Longest Length
– 1.25mm2 12 meters
– 1.5mm2 15 meters
– 2.5mm2 25m
– 2.5mm2 ways are too big for a standard 13 A plug, but they could be used in conjunction with BS EN 60309 industrial plugs
These maximum lengths are not relevant to leading-edge technology, the instructions refer to. § 15:13 (IEE Code of Practice for the in-service inspection and testing of electrical equipment).
If the extension of pipelines not more above, they shall be protected by a 30 mA RCD produced BS 7071st