The US Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics reported 5.702 workplace related deaths (about 4 deaths per 100,000 workers) and approximately 4.2 million incidents related to non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses. This shows the continuing need for OSHA programs and measures to ensure the safety and health at work.
Available data from the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is focused on the fact that non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses have been gradually reduced from 5.3 to 4.6 cases / 100 equivalent full-time employees the period 2002 to 2005. The strict rules on safety at work and dedication agencies enforcing the same have made this remarkable feat a reality.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), an organization under the Department of Labor, has the primary responsibility for developing and enforcing worker and workplace related to health and safety regulations. OSHA promotes workplace safety through a variety of means, including 29 CFR 1910,119 PSM standard and 29 CFR 1910,120 HAZWOPER standard. Essentially the OSHA workplace injury and illness Prevention Program moves from the provisions of these standards.
All employers are required to establish and maintain (a) a workplace injury and illness prevention program (IIPP), (b) OSHA involve Hazard Communication Program (as per 29 CFR 1910.1200), (c) emergency action (EAP) in accordance with the provisions of 29 CFR 1910.38 and (d) Fire Protection Plan.
EAP, orientated to disaster management and IIPP, designed to minimize the incident, are not mutually exclusive. The two programs complement each other and have certain common requirements. An example of this is the recommended safety instructions (MSDS) to identify potential hazards that may arise from different types of materials to use in the workplace. The 1910.119 PSM standard mandates the use of MSDS meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.1200, paragraph (g).
An IIPP is a mechanism to review and prevent / reduce the potential risk in the workplace. An effective IIPP can not only protect workers but also benefit employers by reducing lost man days and compensation expense of workers.
Workplace injury and illness prevention program (IIPP) can be discussed in terms of California- OSHA adopted IIPP. Applicable categories of employers in California are required by law, Title 8 (T8), the California Code of Regulations (CCR) to have an effective, documented injury and illness prevention program.
The Cal-OSHA mandated IIPP actually has seven major components. These are:
(1) identification of program implementation staff,
(2) a written overview of the company’s system to assess and combat health and safety risks
(3) overview of periodic inspections,
(4) investigation procedures for workplace injuries and diseases,
(5) a description of the training program (s) on safe working practices and specific job -tengdra security information
(6) systems to communicate with employees on occupational health and safety and to enforce safe working and
(7) a retention policy for record documentation compliance.
Records and reports (29 CFR 1904) are an integral and important parts of any effective OSHA workplace injury and illness prevention. Records help find the causes of the incident and develop future strategies to improve workplace safety. Entries are usually accidents, deaths, injuries and diseases, incidents of exposure to toxic or hazardous substances, Material Safety Data Sheets, health and safety related training imparted to employees, inspections, auditing and other mandatory documents required for employee compensation, insurance, etc.
The OSHA workplace injury and illness prevention program verse puts meticulous requirements for employers. However, the benefits that effective IIPP can provide far more discomfort her.