According to the Codex Alimentarius Commission of the United Nations, food is considered safe “If it does not cause harm to the consumer when prepared and / or eaten according to its intended use.” This implies that food should be free from contaminants, adulterants, natural toxins and all the ingredients that could be harmful to human health. Right from the early days of human existence, access to good quality food, especially safe food has been one of the most pressing and important questions for humanity. Through centuries of ignorance, experience and trial-and-error methods we have learned that safe food is not only an indispensable condition for human survival but also in nature and indispensably linked with social, economic and moral aspects of our lives. Today, nations around the world recognize that without the surety of safe food, prosperity common sense is a far cry. Based on such concrete results, it is now vital that we increase our understanding of the current world situation and reassess the strategic approach that will be required to unknot the complexity of providing safe and healthy food for each person in the world.
In recent decades, the question of ensuring that adequate food safety has evolved into a much more complex problem with a series of interconnected factors to consider. Otherwise, the scientific and technological advances such as the development of high precision analytical instruments and improved agricultural and conservation technology made it possible for us to evaluate and eradicate many of the potential hazards existing security. Yet on the other hand, some of the modern scientific practices such as increased use of chemicals and other additives have also adopted such adverse changes throughout the food chain supply that was never that tells the whole story. In addition, factors such as a growing population, the global financial recession and growing media exposure of consumer awareness have added many new dimensions to food safety issue. Keep an eye on this constantly growing internal concerns, it is undoubtedly necessary at the time to adopt a multidimensional approach at all levels of the food chain, ie from farm to fork. Stakeholders such as the food industry and consumers also have a role to play but it is the state government alongside the relevant institutions have the responsibility to establish a solid legal infrastructure for other stakeholders and occupy a crucial position in the development and enforcement of food safety at all levels.
It is often misunderstood that the only responsibility of the government and its agencies to provide laws and regulations and set specific mandate for those involved in providing food to the people. These conditions can be follow-up procedure specification compliance guidelines for bio-safety and condemnation of the production and sale of adulterated and contaminated food, etc. At present, if we talk about Pakistan, most of the food laws of the current contract with the production, distribution and food as well as deal with only profit advantage and hoarding. Specifically, the four songs available in Section Food Safety and directly related to this issue. According to the annual country reports USDA is Pakistan, food imports are generally controlled by the Federal government and food standards are regulated by the provincial together with local health. Pakistan Pure Food Laws (PFL) thought 1963 basis throughout the current business related food quality and safety regulatory framework. Working with the aim to prevent food adulteration and ensure adequate cleanliness, covered about 104 different food items ranging from cooking oil and fats, cereals, fruits and vegetables, dairy products, etc. It sets rules addressing the use of preservatives, antioxidants, dyes, flavor ants and other additives and prohibits the production, sale and trade of all such unsafe food items that violate the established rules and are likely to prove harmful to health.
In addition to this, pfl issues A defined set guidelines for food safety aspects such as the labeling of food packages, preventive measures in storage and transport, and the goal of providing a forum for laboratory analysis and inspection of food samples. Another law similar operational approach her, Cantonment Pure Food Act 1966, the rules of food safety only in the cantonment area. The Pakistan Hotels and Restaurant Act 1976 binding for hotels, restaurants and caterers throughout Pakistan to control and manage growth and standard services. Article 22 of the Act states that the sale of food and beverages that are prepared / served unclean conditions or contain contaminated / harmful substances is an offense and any person / organization guilty is likely to receive severe legal penalties. The Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority Act is relatively new songs with an induction in 1996 and is not generally classified as food law. This act provides a platform for the creation of Pakistan Standards and Quality Control Authority (PSQCA). Working under the patronage of the Ministry of Science and Technology, is the first standards organization working with 81 scientists / engineers and 254 assistants who self-finance institution with the primary task is not only shaping Pakistan, but also its distribution.
Apart from these basic rules for food safety, there are a number of other law enforcement and regulatory agencies that are working in direct and indirect correlation with the matter. Generally, the government still relies heavily on the Codex Alimentarius standards and guidelines developed jointly by FAO and WHO to set and revise its requirements on labeling, packaging, food additives, pesticides and imported food. Food standards set by the United States Food and Drug Administration (USDA) and the Food and Drug Association (FDA) are also used in some products. In addition, government agencies such as the Customs Department and plant protection and quarantine (PPQ), Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research ( PCSIR ), National Institute of Health (NIH), Pakistan Agriculture Research Council (PARC) and Pakistan Council for (PCRWR) Research into water resources are also working for the focal point of achieving the objectives of food security in their respective premises. In the presence of so many organizations and existing regulations, however, it is a harsh reality that the prevailing conditions and food safety standards in the country is dark and dismal. Following this plethora of regulations and regulators, the presence of such a deteriorated structure points towards the inflow of laws and regulations and the establishment of regulatory bodies is certainly not the only way to combat the safety issue and there is a serious flaw in the law enforcement and our policies at all levels.
Like most developing countries around the world, Pakistan has very basic and undeveloped food system with many problem areas such as fundamental differences in agency projects and ways to inspection, not uniformity facilities, unavailability of qualified staff and money wasted on non-essential issues with efforts lagging in the development of new technologies to control worry. To the extent it will be fair to say that Pakistan is not integrated Food Safety frame at all but has a set of laws dealing with a number of aspects relating to food safety. Although they have the potential to achieve food safety standards to the point, without understanding and implementation at all levels of governments leaves too many loopholes to be filled. There is an urgent need to leave the government in the best sense of responsibility to develop a comprehensive, personalized and integrated food safety framework is not necessarily deals with protection, but also health maintenance and promotion.
Anything achieved in developed countries like Canada, the UK and the US, we really need to sketch out a well-conceived national food control strategy developed with the support of the various participants. This strategy should highlight the role of the government hierarchy, different organizations, various sectors of the economy and consumers, and should ensure mechanisms for cooperation with ways to respond to the growing challenges in relation to human health and the economy. There is an acute need to understand the formation and function of the entire system is dependent on how the transfer and enforcement of levels in government agencies and state entities such as federal, provincial, municipal, decentralized agencies and health organizations.
top of the ladder, the most critical of the state or Federal Ministries (Food, Health, etc.), the structure of central vision with risk assessment, risk management and risk communication that extensive guided her. Since risk assessment and risk dealing with scientific and socio-economic arenas themselves, it is a good project of the state government to develop the scientific and legal unification and monitor the implementation of the right to till the grass roots. Another important responsibility of the state government include:
- Evaluation of raw materials and finished products and analysis of critical control points in the system.
- allocation of appropriate funds for provincial governments to uplift food safety programs them.
- Introduction of stricter monitoring sampling and thorough inspection before approving food imports.
- Evaluation of the law and standards of international organizations and position them according to our needs and resources.
- Changing the “Hands-on” approach with new techniques and the creation of up-to-date research laboratories and the latest equipment and other diagnostic facilities.
- Development of transport system throughout Pakistan minimize microbiological loss.
- Implementation of the main health and safety and quality management systems such as ISO: 9001-2000, HACCP and ISO :. 22000 on each level
is next in line, the provincial governments the responsibility to take the message from the government and implement it in their respective provinces. Whatever action they adopt, it should not in any way deviate from the rules set by the state. Working on a unified vision, each province should begin operations in accordance with the priorities and resources. Just like the insertion of Parhdi Likha Punjab Campaign (Literate Punjab), every province should invest in such programs for awareness of food safety and shall incorporate these measures in all provinces, cities and villages under its jurisdiction. Other responsibilities include:
-Assessment of raw materials and finished products and analysis of critical process control points at the provincial level.
-Continuous monitoring the entire supply chain including farmers, processors, suppliers, wholesalers, retailers, etc. with particular emphasis on the implementation of the Regulation and predetermined criteria.
-Introduction technical training programs for small farmers and other producers at the grass root level of basic food safety and hygiene principles.
-Funding for graduates who pursue public health jobs and increasing state efforts on recruitment and retention of public health professionals.
-Establishment of ‘Emergency Recall System “at the time of a catastrophic outbreak.
RB-invention of procedures and development capabilities to support organizations in the health of recalls and outbreaks.
-Impeachment of people / organizations violate the rules by independent institutions immediately ban such transactions, regardless of court decisions.
Despite being at the lowest end of the command sequence, Municipal / City / District government has one of the most critical role to play in implementing and enforcing food safety standards. Be familiar with the ground realities, the local authority has a superior option to understand the situation and then respond appropriately. Some of the main duties are:
- Continuous monitoring food safety in the food chain among different industries, hotels, restaurants, cafes, with appropriate penalties and bans for offenders.
- Extra facilities action based approach to consumer complaints.
- employability and sincere staff for inspection and examination of general practice.
Conclusively, we can say to see the devastating consequences of the recent system failures in countries like China, the issue of food safety can not be taken lightly. The ever increasing complexity of the food system with fast, almost explosive technology have made it necessary to issue food be considered an integral part of the Planning. The government and other state players should realize that they occupy a very critical situation and any ambiguity or negligence within the meaning or implementation of food safety regulations could lead us to a catastrophe of.