Business Aviation Part 91 Operational Control


As FAA defines it aboard the flight management means “the exercise of authority over initiating, conducting or terminate the flight.” The FAAS definition of work is to “use, cause to use or permit the use of aircraft, for the purpose of air navigation … including piloting aircraft, with or without the right of legal control (as owner, lessee, or otherwise).”

Therefore Part 91 employees, including aircraft owners use service management, need to ask themselves the following questions for each flight

– What entity makes a decision on the aircraft will be used for the flight?

– What entity makes the decision to assign flight pilot / s and crew?

– For what party do pilots work as direct employees or, alternatively, as drugs?

– What unit makes the decision to initiate, manage, and say aviation

same answer each question identifies the person who has operational control ?. It is not usually an aircraft management company. According to FAA requirements and rules, it is usually the owner of the aircraft.


Safety is the most important consideration in all flights. Clear, unquestioned power line helps avoid misunderstanding or confusion while at the same time to achieve the highest level of security possible for air travel.

Anyone who has operational responsibility FAA regulatory compliance flight also. With employees, management company’s aircraft or other authorized agents, the person with operational needs to be able to control all security responsibility and control and knowledge of all aspects of aviation, including flight crew qualification.

liability (if an accident) for the operation of the aircraft is the responsibility of the person with operational control. This requires that the person with operational control has up-to-date insurance, make sure that the required permits are valid and that the aircraft is operated in accordance with its stated use.

Aircraft Management Organizations

A common misconception is that self-control aircraft company (if one is held), has operational control of the aircraft. This is not true unless the management company

– A Part 135 certificate

– agreed with the owner to operate all passenger flights including for the owner of that business under Part 135.

consideration control are important for the intended (Part 91) Operators of commercial (Part 135) operators. This is especially important in situations where the aircraft company is regulated by Part 135 holders and used for the team both company’s 91 operations and Part 135 operating certificate of authorization.

Please note that this type of arrangement is not typical in the aircraft management company and are the exception rather than the rule.

This article should only be viewed as an overview of operational control. Always seek the advice of knowledgeable aviation assume specific questions on how management can apply to your situation.


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