The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 has the most extensive impact on the American workplace Since Civil Rights Act of 1964 . Yet many Americans are confused about the meaning of key terms used in the Act. This article unravels the confusion about the term “disability” and explains the situations covered and what is not
The ADA defines “disability” and :.
A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of such persons … or record of such impairment … or who are considered to have such a restriction.
The ADA covers more than just people who are deaf, blind, or using a wheelchair. It also includes:
- People who physical conditions, such as medical conditions, cosmetic disfigurement and serious damage or loss of body parts or systems.
Examples include: epilepsy, paralysis, diabetes, multiple sclerosis, HIV infection, or severe form of arthritis, high blood pressure or carpal tunnel syndrome. Also alcoholism.
- People with mental impairment, such as mental illness or mental retardation, learning disabilities and psychological problems.
Examples include :. Major depression, bipolar disorder (manic-depressive) disorder, dyslexia and mental retardation
But when dealing with ADA issues, you should avoid taking part in the diagnosis. Instead, focus on the impact a disability has on a person’s life.
that takes us major life . No mystery here – seeing, hearing, speaking, walking, breathing, performing manual tasks, learning, care for themselves, work, etc.
So far, we have been talking about Actual impairment. The ADA also covers
- One of list such impairment.
For example, cancer is now in remission, a recovering alcoholic, or a person who has mental illness.
- The person considered having such an impairment, especially if you were to act based on myths, fears, or stereotypes.
For example, although AIDS is disabled, gay is not. However, if the employer would treat gay individuals as they had AIDS, that would fall under the ADA.
- The person for disabled.
For example: A person whose spouse has a disability and the employer is concerned about excessive absenteeism or health insurance costs. Or someone who is working voluntary for people with AIDS and it is unwarranted fear of infection.
Not all physical or mental conditions covered, though. The following are not protected under the ADA
- Minor, not chronic conditions for a short time, such as sprains, broken limbs, or flu.
- Individuals who are currently involved in the illegal use of drugs.
- age or pregnancy. [These are the other laws, but not as a disability.]
- Compulsive gambling, kleptomania and Pyromania.
- homosexuality, bisexuality, transvestitism, sexual behavior disorders. * [Homosexuality and bisexuality are protected by many state and local laws, though not as a disability.]
- Job performance limitations due to strict environmental, cultural or economic factors such as poverty. Example: Inability to read because the web is covered; but if the lack of education, it is not covered.
- Job performance problems due strictly personality or character traits, such as irresponsibility, bad temper, computer phobia, shyness.
* [NOTE:Þessihópurkynhneigðmeðhegðun disorders is as it is set out in federal government publications, not as the authors had come to her.]